Biodegradable Clothes: The Revolution of Fashion Industry

In recent years, the fashion industry has been under scrutiny for its impact on the environment. The production of traditional clothing, which often involves the use of synthetic fibers and chemicals, contributes to pollution and waste. As a result, many consumers are turning to more eco-friendly options, including biodegradable clothing.

biodegradable clothes
Biodegradable Natural Fibres

Biodegradable clothes are made from renewable materials that break down naturally and safely in the environment. This is a sustainable solution to fast fashion, not only benefits the planet but also supports ethical fashion and responsible manufacturing practices.

In this article, we will explore the growing trend of biodegradable clothes and its potential to revolutionize the fashion industry.

Biodegradable Clothes

Biodegradable clothes are a revolutionary new type of clothing made from plants like cotton, hemp, and bamboo that can be composted or recycled into the environment. This type of clothing is becoming increasingly popular as consumers become more conscious of their impact on the planet and the need to reduce their carbon footprint.

By using biodegradable fabrics, people can reduce their reliance on synthetic fibers and instead support sustainable production methods.

1. What Are Biodegradable Clothes?

Biodegradable clothes are garments made from natural materials that can decompose in the environment without causing harm. These renewable materials are typically plant-based and include cotton, linen, hemp, bamboo, and silk. Unlike traditional clothing made from synthetic materials like polyester and nylon, which can take hundreds of years to break down naturally, plant-based clothing can decompose quickly and safely, leaving behind no harmful waste.

biodegradable clothes
Flax Seeds Pods On A Linen Canvas

This eco-friendly clothing is a great alternative to traditional one and has gained popularity due to its sustainability and low environmental impact. Biodegradable fashion clothes are produced using ethical fashion and sustainable manufacturing practices, and they can help reduce the fashion industry’s contribution to pollution and waste.

2. Types of Biodegradable Clothes

Biodegradable clothes are made from eco-friendly materials that break down into natural, harmless substances over time. These types of eco-clothes are becoming increasingly popular as people look for ways to reduce their environmental impact. While biodegradable fabrics may cost more than traditional fabrics, they often last longer and are a more sustainable option.

Here are some of the most popular types of biodegradable clothes:

Organic Cotton

Organic cotton is a type of biodegradable fabric made from cotton that was grown without the use of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides. It is a great option for those who want to reduce their environmental impact while still enjoying the comfort and durability of cotton.


Bamboo is a type of fabric made from the fibers of the bamboo plant. It is very soft and comfortable to wear, and it is naturally resistant to bacteria, mold, and mildew. It is also biodegradable, making it a great option for those looking to reduce their environmental impact.

biodegradable clothes
Source: Pinterest (@rainbowwaterss)

Hemp is a type of fabric made from the fibers of the hemp plant. It is naturally resistant to bacteria and molds and is a strong, durable fabric. Hemp is better for the soil than cotton and requires less space and water to grow. It aerates the soil and draws fewer nutrients from the soil than cotton.


Algae has been noted as a potential component for plant-based meat production. This adaptable sea vegetable can also be used to create eco-friendly textiles for the fashion sector. Additionally to addressing the pressing demand for more environmentally friendly materials, more sustainable colors must be used. The UNEP ranks textile dyeing as the second-largest water polluter in the world.

Bioengineered Spider Silk

Bolt Threads, a tech business based in California, also produces Mylo, a vegan leather created from fungus mycelium, in addition to Microsilk. The proteins are separated, refined, and spun into rayon-like fibers after being fermented with yeast, water, and sugar. Although microsilk is still extremely young, because it is formed of proteins, it may eventually decompose. More sugarcane is grown for the fermentation process, which makes Microsilk more renewable than polyesters made from fossil fuels.

3. Advantages of Biodegradable Clothes

Biodegradable fashion clothes offer a range of benefits that can make them a more sustainable and responsible choice for eco-conscious consumers. There are several advantages of choosing biodegradable clothes over traditional clothing.

Clothes Are Eco-Friendly and Sustainable
Biodegradable Clothes Are Eco-Friendly and Sustainable

Here are some of the key benefits of biodegradable clothing:

  • Eco-friendly. Biodegradable clothes are made from natural materials that decompose quickly and safely in the environment. It means these eco-friendly clothing have a lower environmental impact than traditional ones made from synthetic materials.
  • Sustainable. The production of biodegradable plant-based clothing involves ethical and sustainable manufacturing practices, which can help reduce waste, pollution, and the fashion industry’s contribution to environmental degradation.
  • Non-toxic. Biodegradable clothes are typically free from harmful chemicals and toxins that can be present in traditional clothing. This makes them a safer and healthier option for both the environment and the people wearing them.
  • Durable. Eco-clothes can be as durable and long-lasting as traditional clothing, especially when made from materials like hemp, organic cotton or linen. This means that they can be worn for a long time, reducing the need for frequent replacement.
  • Comfortable. Biodegradable clothes can be soft, breathable, and comfortable to wear, making them a popular choice for those who prioritize both sustainability and comfort.

4. Disadvantages of Biodegradable Clothes

While biodegradable clothes offer several advantages over traditional clothing, there are also some potential disadvantages of biodegradable clothes to consider.

Here are a few of the main drawbacks:

  • Higher cost. Biodegradable clothes are often more expensive than traditional clothing due to the higher cost of sustainable fabrics and manufacturing practices.
  • Limited availability. Biodegradable clothes may be less widely available than traditional clothing, and consumers may have fewer options to choose from.
  • Durability. While some biodegradable materials like hemp and organic cotton can be very durable, others may be less so. Consumers may need to replace biodegradable clothes more frequently than traditional clothing. Therefore, this could offset some of the environmental benefits of biodegradable clothing.
  • Care requirements. Biodegradable clothes may require special care to maintain their eco-friendly properties. For example, they may need to be washed in cold water or air-dried to avoid damaging the natural fibers.
  • Biodegradation time. While biodegradable clothes are designed to break down quickly and safely in the environment, the time it takes for this process to occur can vary depending on factors like temperature, moisture, and exposure to sunlight.

How Do You Know If Clothes Are Biodegradable?

To determine if clothes are biodegradable, you can look for labels or certifications that indicate the materials used in their production.

Here are some ways to tell if clothes are biodegradable:

  • Look for labels. Some biodegradable clothing brands include labels on their products that indicate if the clothing is made from biodegradable materials. These labels may indicate the type of material used or include a certification symbol.
  • Check the material. Biodegradable clothes are typically made from natural materials like hemp, bamboo, silk, organic cotton or linen. If you are unsure if a garment is biodegradable, check the label or ask the manufacturer about the materials used.
  • Look for certifications. Some organizations offer certifications for biodegradable and compostable clothing, such as the Global Organic Textile Standard (GOTS) or the Cradle to Cradle Certified Product Standard. These certifications indicate that the clothing has been made using sustainable and environmentally friendly practices.
  • Do some research. If you are unsure whether a specific clothing brand or product is biodegradable, you can do some research online. Many eco-conscious fashion blogs and websites provide information on sustainable clothing options and can help you identify biodegradable and compostable clothing brands.

How Do Biodegradable Clothes Impact The Environment?

Biodegradable clothes can have a positive impact on the environment, but the exact impact will depend on a variety of factors, including the materials used, the production process, and how the clothing is disposed of.

Clothes Impact for The Environment
How Do Biodegradable Clothes Impact The Environment

Here are some of the ways that biodegradable clothes can impact the environment:

  • Reduced waste. According to, 92 million tonnes of the 100 billion clothing manufactured each year end up in landfills. Biodegradable clothes are designed to break down quickly and safely in the environment, which can help reduce the amount of waste that ends up in landfills and other disposal sites.
  • Lower carbon footprint. After the oil business, the fashion sector is the second most polluting, contributing 8% of all CO2 emissions into the atmosphere, according to Iberdrola. The production of biodegradable clothes typically involves sustainable fabrics and ethical manufacturing practices that reduce the fashion industry’s contribution to greenhouse gas emissions and other environmental impacts.
  • Reduced chemical pollution. Biodegradable clothes are often made from natural materials that do not contain harmful chemicals or toxins that can be present in traditional clothing. This means that they are less likely to pollute the environment or harm human health.
  • Reduced water usage. Biodegradable clothes can be made from materials like hemp or bamboo that require less water than traditional cotton. This can help reduce the fashion industry’s water usage and contribute to more sustainable water management practices.
  • Promote sustainable fashion. Choosing biodegradable clothes can help promote sustainable fashion and encourage the fashion industry to adopt more environmentally friendly practices.

How Long Do Biodegradable Clothes Last?

The lifespan of biodegradable clothes can vary depending on the materials used and how they are cared for. Some biodegradable materials, like hemp or organic cotton, can be very durable and long-lasting, while others, like bamboo or linen, may be less so. Pure linen can biodegrade in as little as two weeks, while some natural fabrics may take a little longer. A 100% natural cotton t-shirt will decay in a few months.

How Long Do Biodegradable Clothes Last
How Long Do Biodegradable Clothes Last

While some biodegradable materials can be very durable and long-lasting, others may need to be replaced more frequently. However, the fact that biodegradable clothes are designed to break down safely and quickly in the environment means that they have a smaller environmental impact compared to traditional clothing, which can take many years to decompose in landfills.

Challenges of Biodegradable Clothes

As consumers become more environmentally conscious, the demand for sustainable and biodegradable clothing has grown. However, producing biodegradable clothes comes with its own set of challenges. Here are some of the main challenges of biodegradable clothes:

  • Cost. Producing biodegradable clothing often requires more sustainable and eco-friendly manufacturing processes, which can increase the cost of production. This can make biodegradable clothing more expensive than traditional clothing, which may be a barrier for some consumers.
  • Limited availability. While the market for sustainable and biodegradable clothing is growing, it is still a niche market. As a result, many consumers may have difficulty finding the clothing they want in stores or online.
  • Limited durability. Some biodegradable materials, such as bamboo or linen, may be less durable than traditional fabrics, which can make them less appealing to consumers who are looking for long-lasting clothing.
  • Composting process. While biodegradable clothing is designed to break down safely in the environment, it still requires proper disposal to avoid contributing to pollution. Consumers may not be aware of how to dispose of biodegradable clothing properly or have access to the necessary facilities.

What Brands Of Clothes Are Biodegradable?

There are many brands of clothing that are focused on sustainability and eco-friendliness, and some of these brands offer biodegradable clothing options. Here are a few examples of brands that offer biodegradable clothing:

1. For Days

This eco-friendly brand is all about high-quality basics that can be returned at a later date and recycled into new items, with a focus on zero-waste apparel, closed-loop processes, and circular fashion. In return, you’ll get a credit called a swap that you may spend on new clothing to update your closet as well. The best seller For Days‘ product is the unisex “For All” collection, which was created in Morocco and has lounge-friendly rompers, ’90s-inspired tees, and organic or recycled terry clothing.

Organic Denim Jackets
Organic Denim Jackets

2. Pact

Pact, known for its line of essentials, is aware of the advantages of buying organic products for customers, farmers, and the environment. Clothing made of organic cotton from the firm consumes up to 81 percent less water than conventional cotton, doesn’t contain any chemicals, and is much softer overall than the competition. The loungewear and sleepwear, which are designed for all-day comfort, making you feel at ease and assured.


VETTA specializes in designing five-piece capsule collections with a certain theme (such as “Wander” or “Utility,” for example) that can be reconfigured into an outfit for each day of the month. VETTA combines organic cotton, linen, Tencel, deadstock fabric, recycled polyester, and more to create everything from wrap dresses to reversible miniskirts. These garments are made in the US, India, and Peru. You can purchase items separately if you prefer ordering things à la carte. 

Care and Maintenance of Biodegradable Clothes

Biodegradable clothes are an eco-friendly and sustainable option for those who want to reduce their environmental impact. These clothes are made from materials that are designed to break down safely in the environment, which means they require special care and maintenance.

Here are some tips for caring for and maintaining your biodegradable clothes:

1. Washing and Drying

Before you wear or wash your biodegradable clothing, it is important to read the care instructions on the label. These instructions will provide you with specific information about how to care for the garment and maintain its eco-friendly properties. Biodegradable clothes should be washed in cold water to avoid damaging the natural fibers. This can help to prevent shrinkage and extend the life of the garment.

Drying Clothes
Drying Biodegradable Clothes

Moreover, harsh detergents can damage the natural fibers in biodegradable clothes, so it is important to use a gentle, eco-friendly detergent that is free from chemicals and additives. Finally, biodegradable clothes should be air-dried to avoid damaging the natural fibers. Avoid using high heat settings in the dryer, as this can cause shrinkage and damage to the garment.

2. Storing

Proper storage is important for biodegradable clothes. They should be stored in a cool, dry place away from direct sunlight, as exposure to heat and light can damage the natural fibers. Plastic containers can trap moisture and cause your clothes to become damp and musty. Instead, use natural materials such as cotton or linen to store your clothes.

Moreover, folding your biodegradable clothes carefully can help to avoid creasing and damage to the fabric. Avoid hanging clothes for long periods of time, as this can cause stretching or misshaping of the garment.

3. Repairing and Reusing

Biodegradable clothes can be subject to wear and tear over time, so it is important to mend and repair any holes or tears to extend the life of the garment. If your biodegradable clothes have become faded or stained, consider using natural dyes to give them a new look. Natural dyes are made from plant materials and are less harmful to the environment than synthetic dyes.

Mending Clothes Concept To Reusing Old Jeans
Mending Clothes Concept To Reusing Old Jeans

If you no longer wear a particular biodegradable garment, consider transforming it into something new. For example, you could turn a t-shirt into a tote bag or a pair of jeans into shorts. Hosting clothing swaps with friends and family also can be a fun way to exchange clothes that you no longer wear. This can help to reduce waste and give new life to biodegradable clothes.

The Future of Biodegradable Clothes

Every year, over 100 billion pieces of clothing are produced worldwide, and just in the United States, over 15 million tons of production waste are produced. Additionally, every year, 85% of all textiles are disposed of in landfills, according to Fashinnovation. It implies that one of the main global pollutants of the environment is the fashion industry.

For that reason, innovations in textile technology are also driving the future of biodegradable clothes. High-performance denim is being created from recycled materials including plastic bottles and old jeans by companies like DL1961. They accomplish this using just 37 liters of water, of which 98% is recycled. A pair of jeans typically requires more than 3,780 gallons of water to manufacture and ship.

Jeans with Recycling Label
Jeans with Recycling Label for The Future of Biodegradable Clothes

Moreover, Riley Studio, a leader in ethical design, only employs recycled nylon and polyester from plastic bottles that were saved from the garbage. Additionally, they use rice husks and onion skins to color their gender-neutral components.

As consumers become more aware of the environmental impact of fast fashion, they are looking for alternative clothing options that are eco-friendly and sustainable. The future of biodegradable clothes looks bright as sustainable fashion continues to grow in popularity.

Final Thought

Biodegradable clothes are a great way to reduce the environmental impact of fashion. They are made from natural materials that break down easily in the environment, and they can help reduce the amount of synthetic materials that end up in landfills.  While there are still challenges to overcome in terms of infrastructure and manufacturing, the benefits of biodegradable clothes make them a promising option for a more sustainable future. Ultimately, biodegradable clothes are an important part of the green revolution, and they can help create a more sustainable future for everyone.

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FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)

Does 100% biodegradable mean compostable?

No, 100% biodegradable does not necessarily mean compostable. Biodegradable materials are able to break down over time due to natural processes, while 100% compostable materials are specifically designed to break down quickly in a composting environment.

Compostable materials often need to meet certain standards in order to qualify as compostable, such as being made from renewable or recycled sources, breaking down into only carbon dioxide, water, and biomass, and not leaving any toxic residues.

Can biodegradable be harmful?

Yes, biodegradable materials can be harmful. Depending on the specific material, biodegradable materials can cause environmental issues, such as leaching of nutrients and toxins into the soil, release of methane gas into the atmosphere, and blockages of waterways due to the breakdown of the material. Additionally, biodegradable materials may also contain hazardous chemicals or toxins that, if not disposed of properly, can have a negative environmental impact.

Is cotton clothes biodegradable waste?

Yes, cotton is fully biodegradable because it is a natural material grown in fields. As a result, cotton has a remarkable advantage over a variety of synthetic materials. Cotton clothes will take a very long time to break down, if at all.

What are the challenges of biodegradable clothes?

Biodegradable fabrics are more expensive to produce than traditional fabrics and are not widely available. Moreover, eco-friendly textiles are not as durable as traditional fabrics and may require more frequent replacement depending on the use. Choosing biodegradable fabrics may reduce the impact on the environment, but not all biodegradable fabrics are created equal. Different natural fabrics can have different impacts on the environment during production.